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Rabbit Ridge Designs Yarn

 

 

SETT

Sett is the number of warp ends per inch, a guideline for balanced weaves.

 

COTTON YARDS/POUND
WIDE MEDIUM CLOSE 
50/2 21,000 48 66 80
24/3 6720 22 26 30
20/3 5600 20 24 28
20/2 8400 26 30 34
16/2 6720 28 30 32
10/3 2800 14 18 22
10/2 4200 24 28 30
8/4 carpet warp 1680 14 16 18
8/2 3360 20 24 28
5/2 2100 12 16 20
3/2 1260 12 14 16

 

LINEN
YARDS/POUND TABBY TWILL
40/2 6000 24-30 36
20/2 3000 20-24 28
16/2 2400 18 24-28
10/2 1500 12-15 18
8/2 rug warp   8-10 12
8/3 rug warp   6-8 10
8/4 rug warp   5-6 8
8/5 rug warp   4-4 6
22/2 Cottolin 3250 20-24 26-30

 

WOOL
YARDS/POUND
TABBY TWILL
20/2 5600 20-24 28-32
18/2 5040 20-24 28-32
12/3 2240 15-18 20
12/2 3000 18-20 22-26
Harris tweed 1800 10 12-15
7/2 1640 10-12 15
6/2 1600 10-12 12-15
2 ply 1260 6-10 12
4 ply rug 300 4-6 10

 

SILK WIDE TABBY MEDIUM TABBY TWILL
8/2 20 18 22
12/2 20 18 22
20/2 26 24 28
30/2 32 30 34
60/2 70 66 72

 

Count System for size 1
Is the number of yards required to make 1 pound of size 1 cotton, linen or wool.

Cotton, spun silk, rayon 840
Linen, hemp, jute, ramie 300
Wool (cut system) 300
Worsted Yarn 560
Wool (Run system) 1600

Size 2 indicates there is twice the yardage and half the diameter of size 2
Such as 2 x 840 = 1680 yards per pound

When two strands of a single or 1 ply are twisted together, it is known as a 2 ply. 4 strands as 4 ply, etc.

Another method to determine sett - Wind the warp yarn around a ruler for one inch. Wind the yarn firmly, evenly without stretching the yarn. Don't let the yarn overlap and don't leave spaces. Count the number of wraps in an inch. The sett is half of the number of wraps per inch for plain weave, since one has to allow space for the wefts to go between the warp yarns.

NOTE: If mixing yarns in a warp, wrap ruler with each yarn.


 

To determine ends per dent in a chosen reed
Find reed size at top, follow the column down to your EPI, cross to find the order of sley in the far right column.
#4 #5 #6 #8 #10 #12 #15 Order of sley
1.5 2 2 3 3 4 5 0-0-1
2 2.5 3 4 5 6 7.5 0-1
2.5 3 4 5 7 8 10 0-1-1
3 4 4.5 6 7.5 9 11.5 0-1-1-1
4 5 6 8 10 12 15 1
5 6 7.5 10 12.5 15 19 1-1-1-2
5.5 7 8 11 13 16 20 1-1-2
6 7.5 9 12 15 18 22.5 1-2
6.5 8 10 13 17 20 25 1-2-2
7 9 10.5 14 17.5 21 26 1-2-2-2
8 10 12 16 20 24 30 2
9 11 13.5 18 22.5 27 34 2-2-2-3
9 11.5 14 18 23 28 35 2-2-3
10 12.5 15 20 25 30 37.5 2-3
10.5 13 16 21 27 32 40 2-3-3
11 14 16.5 22 27.5 33 41 2-3-3-3
12 15 18 24 30 36 45 3
13 16 26 19.5 26 32 39 3-3-3-4
13.5 16.5 20 26.5 33.5 40 50 3-3-4
14 17 21 28 35 42 52 3-4
14.5 18 22 29 36 43.5 55 3-4-4
15 18.5 22.5 30 37 45 56 3-4-4-4
16 20 24 32 40 48 60 4
17 21 25.5 34 42 51 63 4-4-4-5
17 21.5 26 34 43 52 64.5 4-4-5
18 22.5 27 36 45 54 67 4-5
18.5 23.5 28 37 47 56 70.5 4-5-5
19 23.5 28.5 38 47 57 71 4-5-5-5
20 25 30 40 50 60 75 5

Not definitive, compiled from many sources. Use at your own descretion.